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MaNaJeMeN KoNSTRuKSi PRoSeS PeRSiaPaN PeMBaNGuNaN RuMaH 2 LaNTai (RuMaH KoS)

25 Apr

Alamat : Jl Tembalang baru V no. 73

Pembongkaran Rumah

Awalnya rumah 1 lantai,kemudian di bongkar dan akan dibangun menjadi rumah kos 2 lantai. Proses pembongkaran rumah dengan cara manual. Bongkaran rumah dibuang. Setelah pembongkaran rumah, proses selanjutnya adalah pembuatan galian untuk pondasi. Tanah galian tidak dibuang, tapi di gunakan untuk timbunan. Proses pembongkaran sampai pondasi selesai diperkirakan memakan waktu 5 minggu dengan jumlah pekerja sebanyak 10 orang.

Pemasangan Bouwplank

Pemasangan bouwplank  digunakan untuk membuat siku bangunan (90o).  Mengikuti bentuk kavling yang sudah ada. Tapi berhubung bentuk bangunan mengikuti batas kavling, maka menggunakan tembok tetangga. Titik bouwplank awal di ambil 1 meter dari jalan. Pemasangan bouwplank antara titik satu dengan titik lain menggunakan benang. Untuk pemasangan titik bouwplank yang berada di tengah bangunan menggunakan pasak kayu dan benang yang ditarik dari satu pasak ke pasak yang lain sehingga didapatkan siku bangunan.

Pembuatan Bedeng atau Gudang

Pada pembangunan  rumah ini tidak membuat bedeng atau gudang karena  menggunakan rumah kosong di sebelah bangunan yang akan dibuat. Rumah kosong tersebut digunakan untuk menyimpan semen, besi, kapur, dll. Sedangkan untuk batu bata, batu belah, pasir, dan kerikil diletakkan di depan lokasi proyek. Rumah tersebut juga digunakan untuk istirahat para pekerja.

Pembuatan Pondasi

Dalam pembangunan rumah ini menggunakan pondasi footplate dan batu kali. Pondasi footplate di pasang diseluruh banguanan dengan jumlah 32 buah. Sedangkan pondasi batu kali digunakan di teras depan. Menggunakan pondasi footplate dengan alasan struktur tanahnya sudah cukup bagus (keras). Untuk teras digunakan pondasi batu kali karena memanfaatkan sisa batu belah yang ada.

Pondasi Footplate

Proses pemasangan pondasi melewati beberapa tahap:

  1. Penggalian tanah sedalam 1,7 meter pada tiap-tiap titik yang akan dipasang pondasi. Berukuran 80 cm x 80 cm.
  2. Membuat lantai kerja dengan perbandingan 1 semen : 2pasir : 3kerikil. Dibuat lantai kerja supaya besi tulangan footplate tidak kotor. Proses pengeringan lantai kerja selama 1 hari.
  3. Proses peletakan besi. Footplate diletakkan sedemikian rupa sehingga tepat pada bouwplank.
  4. Proses pengecoran footplate dibagian bawah menggunakan bekisting. Ditunggu kering 1 hari.
  5. Proses pengecoran footplate bagian atas (kolom) dengan menggunakan bekisting. Cabut cetakan setelah 2 hari. Pada saat pengecoran tidak dilakukan pemadatan dengan alat karena sudah terdapat banyak split dalam campuran. Pemadatan hanya dengan memukul-mukul cetakan dan menusuk bagian dalam dengan menggunakan tongkat supaya tidak terdapat rongga.
  6. Sisakan tulangan atas untuk sloof setinggi 25 cm.

Pondasi Batu Kali

Lebar galian tanah untuk pondasi batu kali 90 cm untuk ruang gerak pekerja dan tingginya 60 cm. Pondasi batu kali berbentuk trapezium dengan ukuran lebar bagian bawah 70 cm, lebar bagian atas 25 cm dan tinggi 60 cm.Lalu batu kali disusun bergradasi agar batu – batu tersebut saling mengunci. Setelah itu langsung disiram adukan semen dan pasir.

Pondasi Batu Bata

Pondasi  batu bata diletakkan diantara satu pondasi footplate ke footplate lainnya. Untuk merekatkan antar batu bata hanya digunakan spesi. Kedalaman galian 40 cm. Lebar pondasi batu bata 20 cm. Untuk lapisan sebelum sloof batu bata disusun tegak. Untuk campuran spesi pondasi digunakan perbandingan 1 sak semen : 10 keranjang pasir.

 
 

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